What is Mankading in cricket ?
We all know about Runouts in cricket. Simply, abatsman is out runout if at any time while the ball is in play no part of his bat or person is grounded behind the popping crease and his wicket is fairly put down by the opposing side.
According to Wikipedia, runout is the fourth most common dismissal method in Test matches, behind caught, bowled and lbw. In One Day Internationals and T20Is, when more risks are taken with running (and fewer defensive shots played), it is the third most common, moving ahead of lbw and accounting for 1 in 8 dismissals.
What is Mandaking ?
As a bowler enters his delivery stride, the non-striking batsman usually ‘backs up’. This means he leaves his popping crease and walks towards the other end of the wicket so that it will take him less time to reach the other end if he and his batting partner choose to attempt a run. Sometimes a batsman, whilst backing up, leaves the popping crease before the bowler has actually delivered the ball. Where this has happened, the bowler may attempt to run the non-striking batsman out in accordance with the Laws of the game. This is what is called Mankading.
Story behind the name MANKADING
It was way back in 1947 when India toured Australia. Indian bowler Vinoo Mankad ran out Australian Bill Brown in the act of delivering the ball as Mankad held on to it and removed the bails with Brown well out of his crease.
This was the second time Mankad had dismissed Brown in this fashion on the tour, having already done it in an earlier match against an Australian XI. On that occasion he had warned Brown once before running him out.
What is in the rule ?
According to the various professional playing conditions, 42.11, “The bowler is permitted, before releasing the ball and provided he has not completed his usual delivery swing, to attempt to run out the non-striker.” The umpires shall deem the bowler to have completed his delivery swing once his bowling arm passes the normal point of ball release.
In July 2014, The World Cricket Council, an independent consultative body of former international captains and umpires, commenting in the light of an incident where Jos Buttler, of England, was run out by Sachithra Senanayake of Sri Lanka, unanimously expressed support of Srilanka’s actions and a lack of sympathy with the batsman. In March 2019, Buttler was dismissed in the same way by Ravichandran Ashwin in the 2019 Indian Premier League.